About "Japan international technical intern taraning program"

The government regulation on the Technical Intern Training for Foreign People Program in Japan had been formed from the mid-1960s which is training for employees of subsidiaries located outside of Japan. This regulation was evaluated and made official in 1993.

The meaning and purpose of the regulation on Technical Intern Training for Foreign People Program is that skills developed in Japan, technology and science (in this case are skills in work) can be channeled to the people living in the developing countries. Also as the real contribution from Japan with the program (Hitoduzkuri / Creating superior human resources) who would be responsible for developing countries (from an economic point of view)

The purpose of this regulation is the idea to systematize the systems and regulations on skills training for foreign workers. (After being made in 1993). This employment regulation is the basic concept and set forth in article 3, paragraph 2 which reads (Training of trainers should not be done as a means of adjusting labor bargaining)

The content of Technical Intern Training for Foreign People Program regulation is the engagement of contracts of employment between trained foreigners (who already have special skills in the home country and who wish to acquire skills and proficiency in work) with a Japanese company or certain private companies based in Japan. The training period is 5 years and the skill acquisition process is done according to the schedule and the plan that had been prepared.

Currently, the regulation of Technical Intern Training for Foreign People Program (who have specialization in certain fields) had been further revised in the year 2010. Using these regulations, currently foreigners who come to Japan for work, are increasing annually. Records from December 2017 to January 2018 are estimated up to 250,000 foreigners from 15 different countries working in 77 jobs and 139 different job positions such as agriculture, fishery, buildings,and others. After 2017, the type of nursing work is increasing, therefore the number of foreign workers coming to Japan is also increasing.(※)As of January 2018

〔The number of foreigner living in Japan with status as a skilled worker〕

Name of country2012year2013year2014year2015year2016yearTotal

Outline of Technical Intern Training for Foreign People Program.

The rules and regulations on this Technical Intern Training are part of international contributions and international cooperation for developing countries. They the trainees work under contract with trainee training centers or Japanese companies (who want young workers from developing countries) for 3 or 5 years to gain proficiency and expertise in the work that they did. After the contract expires and returns home, they are expected to spread the knowledge and skills they had to improve the economy in their home country.

(1) The trainees are expected upon returning home, by demonstrating their work skills and talents that they had, it could enhance self-motivation in work and contribute to the improvement of industrial technology for companies in their respective countries.

(2) The trainees are expected later on with their skills that have been honed in Japan, they can demonstrate the ability to always be curious about new things and understand about the quality management of products, understand the work culture, have an understanding about cost production, and play a role in increasing the production of factories and improvement of business activity

(3) For us training institutes in Japan, this program can strengthen the relationships with the companies in foreign countries, internationalization of working administration, and contribute to the revitalization of the company.

The role of each institution

The destination country for recruitment
< Sender institutions >
Institutions already accredited by the local government
・Intern recruitment and the selection process
・Type of registration procedure related to the distribution
・Health test examination before leaving the country to Japan
・Trainees protection
・Protection of the trainees families
・A visit to the training organizer
・Management after returning to homeland, guidance, and advice.
<local dealer>
Companies affiliated with trainer participants
・Intern recruitment and selection process
・Type of registration procedure related to the distribution
・Recommendation of selected trainee candidates
・Establishment of employee status and reassurance of employment even though they had returned to the country of origin
・Providing advice, guidance, and management after returning home
From Japan side
<Management group>
Industry Association, Employee Association, foundation company
・Formulation of training plan for trainees
・Providing work preparation classes for 160 hours
・Visit to the training organizer agency
・Reporting to the immigration office
・Counseling for trainees
・Assurance after returning home
・Selection of alternative training organizer company in case of difficulty,when undergoing training at this time
<nstitute of training organizer>
The companies that accepting trainees
・Providing residential facilities such as dormitories
・Implementation of training based on the planning that had been made
・Evaluation and making journal regarding the training
・Training participants Recruitment who have met the labor laws and regulations.
・Control and work guidance, training, and daily life.

Requirements for admission of prospective foreign workers.

Foreigners who want to train in Japan must meet the following requirements.
【Basic requirements of acceptance】
・Age over 18 and now working or had worked in a field that meet the acceptance qualification
・After the training period ends, the assurance for working again in the country of origin.
・Understanding the meaning and rules of the law on Training Program, also has a high spirit to follow the internship program
・People who get recommendations from local government to join the training program
・Can follow pre-departure training program to Japan (program about 3 months or more).
・Those who graduated from junior high school or equivalent
・Those who have not had experience in training in Japan.
・There are no critical health problems (such as dental and others)
・Have sufficient Japanese language skills to participate in training program
※For nurses, N4 levels are needed
・Understand that the work to be done is not an easy task

【Requirements for training organizers and recruitment agencies】
・Understand that training content is not easy and repetitive
・Can delegate company employees who can provide guidance to trainees (It is expected that the employee is a native employee who had working experience over 5 years)
・Make a journal about the training and keep it within a year after the training ends
・The one who pay the wages for trainees are the Japanese employees involved in the training process or at the same level.
・Can delegate employees to help the trainees daily life.
・Thinking that this program is one of the real contributions internationally, the institution can have a more forward-looking vision.
・has a dormitory for executing the training (may also be borrowed dormitories or not owned by the company, but it is expected that there will be about 3 Jou)
・The dormitory room has temperature control equipment (air conditioning and so on), bed, bathroom, and self-cathering equipment.

About the countries involved in the labor distribution

Employment agencies or interns are principally 15 developing countries that have worked together with JITCO and R / D. Regarding the way more detailed acceptance and treatment of possible problems may be different later on. If this happens, the agency may recruit participants from developed countries such as Europe and America. R / D stands for Record of Discussions that was born together with the formation of rules on employment for foreigners, and has the function of exchanging official documents related to Japan.

JITCO or Japan International Training Corporation Organization is a foundation / (now changed to Public Interest Incorporated Foundation) that established by the cooperation of ministries of law affairs, foreign affairs, workers's welfare, economic and transportation industries established in 1991. Aimed to encourage and runs rules well and skills training system for and internships for foreigners. In addition,for being the registration agent and application submission of residence status to the immigration office. Other tasks of this organizations are to provide assistance, provide comprehensive implementation advice, support, and comprehensive assistance to agency companies, employment agencies, and private organizations abroad.

about the type of work that goes into qualification

If it approved occupations for transfer to technical intern training (ii)), the maximum to accept trainees are within 3 years. If the type of work does not match the one listed in the table, as long as it meets the requirements (about training and internship), then the agency may only accept worker within one year only. (Notes: The type of work must be in accordance with the job qualified in technical intern training (ii). If the type of work that has not been registered has passed the evaluation exam, then the type of work will get an additional 2 years permit with a maximum of 3 years can receive worker with that type of work)

▼ 1. Agriculture (6 operations in 2 job categories))
Job categoryWork type.pdf
Upland crop / vegetable
Fruit growing
Animal husbandry
Pig farming

▼ 3:Construction (31 operations in 21 job categories)
Job nameWork name.pdf
Good beneathingCelestial plate punching machine construction
Pivoting weight
sheet metalSheet Metal Work
Sheet metal processing
Construction refrigeration air conditioningConstruction of cold facility construction
Raw materialsWood fine woodworking craftsmanship
Carpenters buildingCarpentry work
Formwork constructionFormwork construction work
Steel reinforcementSteel muscle assembly work
BrilliantJumping work
Building stoneStone processing business
Rock climbing
ceramic tileTile work
Roof tileAwkward work
Formally leftPlastering work
BlowBuilding pipeline engineering
Building insulationInsulation and cooling work
Construction completedPlastic floor finishing work
Carpet finishing work
Steel structure foundation construction
Board finishing work
Curtain construction work
Belt constructionWindow frame construction engineering
Waterproof constructionSealed waterproof construction work
Concrete pumping installationConcrete pumping work
Well constructionWell point construction work
Table instrumentWall work
Construction machinery construction
Grounding and leveling work
Excavation work
Compaction work
Construction furnaceConstruction work

▼ 5:Textile (22operations in 13 job categories)
Job nameWork name.pdf
Textile processing※Textile processing work
Sewing machine work
Winding operation
Yarn processing work
Woven fabric※
Weaving operation
Finishing work
Spun yarnYarn penetration work
Fiber dyeing work
Manufacture of fabric productsCircular knitting manufacturing work
Socks production
Warp knitted fabric production※Warp knitted fabric production
Women's clothing manufactureReady-made garment sewing operation
Manufacture of men's clothesMen's clothing sewing work
Underwear manufacture※Underwear manufacturing work
Bedding manufacturingBedding manufacturing work
Woven fabric manufacturing※Woven fabric production work
Carpet manufacturing work
Needle pattern manufacturing industry
Canvas product manufacturing industryCanvas product manufacturing industry
Cloth Fabric FabricManufacturing work
Sheet sewing※Car seat sewing operation

▼ 7:Others (24 operations in 12 job categories)
Occupation nameWork name.pdf
Furniture productionFurniture production
Printing industryOffset printing work
Better noteBinding work
Plastic moldingCompression molding operation
Injection molding operation
Inflation molding work
Blow molding operation
Reinforced plastic moldingManual stacking operation
PaintingArchitectural coating work
Metal painting
Steel bridge painting work
Painting work
Welding※manual welding
Semiautomatic contact
Industrial packagingIndustrial packaging machinery
Raw paper box Washi paper boxStriking and Cutting Operation
Box printing business
Stick box manufacturing work
Paperboard box manufacturing work
Manufacturing pottery industry products※Equipment glazing molding work
Press fitting operation
Transfer Craft
Automobile maintenance※Automobile maintenance
Building cleaningBuilding cleaning
Airport operatorAircraft ground support work

▼ 2:Fishery (9 operations in 2 job categories)
Job nameWork namepdf
Fishing boat fishery
Longline fishing
Fishing fish
Fishing net catching fish
String net fishery
Fixed net fishery
Fish crab, mortar bag
Water and aquaculture industry
Fan shell / Oyster culture work

▼ 4:Food Manufacturing (14 operations in 9 job categories)
Job nameJob name.pgf
Canning operation
Processing industry
Processing work
Heated and processed food manufacturing industry
Raw product
Dry product manufacture
Manufacture of processed goods
Production of smoked goods
Non heating fishery processing
Food manufacturing industry
Manufacture of salt products
Manufacture of dried products
Production of fermented foods
Manufacturing industry of fishery productsManufacture of fishery products
Beef manufacturing industry
Beef manufacturing business
Ham, sausage, bacon manufacturing industryHam, sausage, bacon manufacturing
Fermentation productionFermentation production work
Food processing industry
Food processing industry

▼ 6:Machinery and Metals(27 operations in 15 job categories)
Occupation nameWork name.pdf
castingCast iron casting operation
Non-ferrous metal casting work
ForgingHammer forging work
Metal working operation
Die castingHot chamber die casting operation
Cold chamber die casting operation
MachiningLathe operation
Pig iron bed operation
Metal press working operationMetal press working operation
Iron industryStructure iron work
Plant Gold PlateSheet Metal Processing of Machine Tools
Plating process
Anodizing treatment
Anodizing treatmentAnodizing treatment
FinishingTool finishing work
Mold finishing work
Machine assembly work
Machine inspection workMachine inspection work
Equipment storageMachinery maintenance work
Electronic assembly workElectronic assembly work
Electrical equipment assemblyElectrical equipment assembly
Transformer assembly work
Tool assembly work
Motor circuit manufacturing work
Substrate manufacturing industryBoard design work
Substrate manufacturing work

JITCOSource:Click here to download "Technical Intern Training No. 2 Category of Job Category List".

Acceptance number of people

At the company (training period), every year the number of people who can be supplied is limited depending on the full-time scale of the employees of the company. The number of full-time employees are the number of original employees other than the employees who are under a short-term contract such as part-time work. Please read the reference image as below.

Total number of full-time employees (original employees) in the institutions or the training organizers;Number of intern trainees
Over3011/20 of the original number of employees

Description of the number of trainees in training institutions with total number of original employees under 30 people.

Example; The case where the company can receive 3 trainees in a year (where the original number of original employees is 30), as the above been depicted, the next year (second year) can receive 6 people and the third year can receive 9 people.

About methods of recruitment

Technical Intern Training contains the maximum of 3-year of internship period in which trainees are under contract, where they work in the company for skills and expertise. The employment acceptance scheme is divided into two methods: acceptance by individual enterprise or acceptance by organization.

When they are accepted by organization, after the trainees come to Japan, they will receive training and courses (such as Japanese language training and explanations of legal protection for trainees) and under contract with their training organizers, they will try to gain practical expertise. If the results of such expertise are evaluated and exceeded the standards, then such company or agency may change the employee’s admission license from under 3 years (technical intern training (ii) ) into maximum 3 years.

(N.b.) Individual enterprise recruitment also require some courses, but the implementation period is different from the group recruitment.

There are two ways of recruiting foreign workers.

(1)  individual enterprise:

Japanese companies (as well as training institutes) receive their own employees who work in overseas branch companies, joint ventures, or partner companies and conduct the training themselves.

(2) supervised by organization:

Organization (Supervising organization) that does not intend to seek profit like Society of Commerce and Industry, Small Business Association, cooperation, or Incorporated associaition, will receive techinal intern trainee and conduct technical internship at practical training institution.

About the status of residence for trainees

There are two types of qualifications as below, with the activity content involving the trainees. First, the first year in Japan, which in that year gained expertise after entering Japan, and the second and third year of maturation of the skills that had been acquired. And for skilled worker visa status is divided into 4 classes.


Type Year 1 Year 2・3
individual enterprise type Resident status (technical intern training (i)a). Resident status (technical intern training (ii)a)
Supervised by organization type Resident status (technical intern training (i)b. Resident status (technical intern training (ⅱ)b)

About the period of residence status as a trainee

The training participants in the second year, to settle and to follow the training process, after completing the technical intern training (i), they have to pass level two of National Trade Skills Test conducted by Javada (Japan Vocational Ability Development Association) located at each prefecture. After getting permission to change the residence status from immigration, they may continue to follow the technical intern training (ii).

In such cases, trainee participants must acquire skills in the same skill field and at the same training organizer (the place where skill as technical intern training (i) is acquired.
First year in Japan:technical intern training (i) / as a target/ Mastery of work skills → after completing the training, if passed on National Trade Skills Test conducted by JAVDA →  change to technical intern training (ii)
Year two and so on in Japan :technical intern training (ii)) / Already professional on the honed skills → Professional training

Flow from the question and answer process -> go to Japan -> work placement-> until returning to home

Estimates from the first question and answer process to placement takes up to 6 months. We recommend to think of the unwanted conditions when determining the time lengths of this process

1,Arrangement and introduction of employment agencies in each country.

We will introduce a number of well-qualified domestic employment agencies for trainee candidates (who wish to acquire technical skills by coming to Japan and join Technical Intern Training for Foreign People Program) who are unaware of certified employment agencies in their country.

2,Arrangement and introduction of agenciesfrom Japan

We will introduce the best and qualified partner organization for companies that are wishing to recruit trained foreign workers but not yet know the foreign workers employment agency from Japan. Or another case where it had cooperated with the foreign workers employment agency but for other reasons want to replace it

3, Document creation

We will make the necessary official documents for foreign workers employment agencies from countries of origin and employment agencies from Japan.

【Important document】 For more details, please log into JITCO web with keyword :「
Documents to be submitted list
」no version other than Japanese

4, Inspection and agency commission of COE publishing application

JITCO/Japan International Trading Cooperation Organization

Japan International Trading Cooperation Organization(JITCO)At JITCO, checks will be made on the submitted documents. By completing the incomplete document, we will also register from JITCO to the immigration office

5,The process of investigating the issuance of COE

(Regional Immigration Bureau)

Conducted investigation process of COE application requirement documents at Regional Immigration Bureau

6, COE issuance

(Board of management)

After COE requirement document has been checked and the positive result of COE is issued by the Regional Immigration Bureau (Can go to Japan with the petitioned status), through JITCO, COE and Zairyuukado / resident card sent to the organizer

7, Registration of residence status visa

(Consulate of Japan overseas)

Upon receiving the COE, the local employment agency will be notified of the admission of the trainees' entry permit to Japan. After that it is expected that the trainee participants to come to the Japanese embassy in each respective country to submit COE and make the visa.

8,Leave the Country

Previously matched the arrival schedule that had been agreed before leaving the homeland to Japan

9,Entering Japan

On the day of arrival in Japan, the staff (from the company and Society of Commerce and Industrya s an institution which receive the trainee participants) come to the airport to pick up the trainee participants.

10, Short Course 1 month or 160 hours

Pre-employment training for one month or 160 hours. In the course, participants will receive Japanese language training and introduction to the Japanese culture. If previously they had received 80 hours of training in their home country, they just have to complete the remaining 80 hours of courses in Japan

11, Preparing for placement to the company (which receives foreign workers)

We will prepare the environment and the training environment (work) such as work equipment and life support equipment. This preparation is done no more than one week before the placement

12, Placement to company

The organizer will welcome trainees and place them in the company. After placement, trainee participants are required to report themselves and get a residence statement to the local municipal office within 14 days.
In addition, at the same time, participants are required to enroll themselves for health insurance (hoken) and old age benefits (nenkin) programs. However, regarding old-age benefits, there is the possibility of participants getting insurance premium exemption.
※For exemption application, please perform all of the procedures at the local municipal office

Financing (quick overview)

We will provide a description of the financing that needs to be done to accept trained foreign workers. The financing that needs to be done by the company (recipient of foreign worker) as well as the management agency (foreign workers recruitment) is entirely different, so please understand that the depiction that we wrote below is only a rough calculation.

Initial admission fee
is the cost required when receiving foreign workers

▼ Initial period cost (Estimation, reference)

Payment itemContentRough cost(JPY)UnitPayment location
Capital contribution to management organizationPayment to association / foundation, foundation, which is the recipient agency for foreign workers in Japan ※The price is determined by agreement of each agency¥10,000~10,000 JPY for a single recruitment of foreign workers and for one company or receiving institutionsManagement agencies such as trade and industry associations
Official document-making to the Immigration officeFees related to document maker are the requirement to issue COE※The fee is determined by the agreement of each agency¥20,000~One trainee participant
The health insurance for trainee participants for 3 yearsProducts sold by private insurance companies as insurance for the trainee's health.Trainee participants will get insurance if sick, injured or having an accident¥25,000 (Approximately)Private health insurance company
The cost of arranging a residence visa (Stamp price)Stamp price charged by Regional Immigration Bureau (Fixed Price)¥4,000Immigration Office
JITCO subsidized cost (fixed price)JITCO subsidized cost (fixed price)¥50,000One company and for one yearJITCO
JITCOInteraction feeAgency fee and investigation by JITCO) (Document checking fee that will be submitted to immigration office and agency submission fee to immigration office (fixed price)¥5,659JITCO
Travel expenses for internsdomestic travel expenses for training activities, and airfare for traveling to Japan (this fee may change depending on the country of departure¥50,000(Approximately)Private travel agent company
Collective training costsCollective course and training costs undertaken for one month after entering Japan¥50,000(Approximately)One trainee participant and one monthExternal teacher
Tuition Fees for trainee participantsFees paid to trainee participants for a month's living expenses and granted upon arrival in Japan¥60,000(Approximately)Participant trainee
Housing expensesTtrainee participants for one month (water and gas bills)¥30,000(Approximately)Private company of housing agency, electrical company, etc.
Transfer & moving feePick-up and resettlement fee, Airport pick-up fee when trainee are arriving in Japan, and residence fee after the training process are over¥20,000(Approximately)One trainee participantManagement group

Monthly fee
In addition to wages for Trainees, there are also monthly fees paid to the management agencies and others. In other words, the cost below is the running cost.

▼ Monthly fee(Estimation, reference)

Payment itemContentRough cost(JPY)UnitPayment location
Management feeMonthly management fee provided to foundations, institutions and companies acting as foreign recipient agencies on the Japanese side¥50,000(Approximately)One trainee participantManagement agency (Society of Commerce and Industry)
Management feeEmployment agencies to local country (The fee is determined by agreement of each agency¥10,000~Employment agency in each country
SalaryThe minimum wages that must be paid based onthe decree of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in each prefecture※If Tokyo then Minimum wages: 932yen x 8 hours x 20 working days 932 yen is set on October 1st, 2016, so the total is roughly 149120JPY for one trainee¥149,120Intern trainee himself
Labor insuranceThe healthcare costs are quite different depending on the city and the prefecture¥3,000Social insurance office
Health insurance feeThe healthcare costs that need to be paid is quite different depending on city and prefecture¥15,000

Monthly deduction fee
Cost of monthly deduction from participants' salary

▼ Monthly deduction fee(Estimation, reference)

Payment itemContentsRough cost(JPY)UnitPayment location
Housing expensesHousing expenses such as apartments borrowed by the company for trainees.Usually, room lending is not just for one person but several¥15,000(Approximately)one trainee participant in one monthPrivate housing agent
Water, electricity and gas billsWater, electricity and gas costs used in the resident¥8,000(Approximately)Any related private company

Others, the cost of deductions
In addition, deduction Fee;For 3 years stay in Japan for training purposes,costs are deducted directly from trainee's salary

▼ Others, the cost of deductions(Estimation, reference)

Payment itemContenstRough cost(JPY)UnitPayment location
Visa renewal fee (stamp price)Visa renewal fee when staying for the second year onwards After passing the National Trade Skills test¥4,000Trainee participantImmigration Office
Skills test feeSwitching exam fee, National Trade Skills Test fee1 (year -> 3 years (No.1-> No.2))¥15,000JAVADA per province
Exam test courseCost of course to pass National Trade Skills Test¥10,000
JITCO Handling fee¥5,657(¥1,886)

Do not hesitate to inquire about the hire/ skilled foreign workers recruitment.