Brief explanation of skill training system for foreigners
The government regulation on the Technical Intern Training for Foreign People Program in Japan had been formed from the mid-1960s which is training for employees of subsidiaries located outside of Japan. This regulation was evaluated and made official in 1993.
The meaning and purpose of the regulation on Technical Intern Training for Foreign People Program is that skills developed in Japan, technology and science (in this case are skills in work) can be channeled to the people living in the developing countries. Also as the real contribution from Japan with the program (Hitoduzkuri / Creating superior human resources) who would be responsible for developing countries (from an economic point of view)
The purpose of this regulation is the idea to systematize the systems and regulations on skills training for foreign workers. (After being made in 1993). This employment regulation is the basic concept and set forth in article 3, paragraph 2 which reads (Training of trainers should not be done as a means of adjusting labor bargaining)
The content of Technical Intern Training for Foreign People Program regulation is the engagement of contracts of employment between trained foreigners (who already have special skills in the home country and who wish to acquire skills and proficiency in work) with a Japanese company or certain private companies based in Japan. The training period is 5 years and the skill acquisition process is done according to the schedule and the plan that had been prepared.
Currently, the regulation of Technical Intern Training for Foreign People Program (who have specialization in certain fields) had been further revised in the year 2010. Using these regulations, currently foreigners who come to Japan for work, are increasing annually. Records from December 2017 to January 2018 are estimated up to 250,000 foreigners from 15 different countries working in 77 jobs and 139 different job positions such as agriculture, fishery, buildings,and others. After 2017, the type of nursing work is increasing, therefore the number of foreign workers coming to Japan is also increasing.
〔The number of foreigner living in Japan with status as a skilled worker〕
|Name of country||2012year||2013year||2014year||2015year||2016year||Total|
The role of each institution
The destination country for recruitment
From Japan side
ACCEPTANCE NUMBER OF PEOPLE
At the company (training period), every year the number of people who can be supplied is limited depending on the full-time scale of the employees of the company. The number of full-time employees are the number of original employees other than the employees who are under a short-term contract such as part-time work. Please read the reference image as below.
|Total number of full-time employees (original employees) in the institutions or the training organizers;||Number of intern trainees|
|Over３０１||1/20 of the original number of employees|
ABOUT THE STATUS OF RESIDENCE FOR TRAINEES
There are two types of qualifications as below, with the activity content involving the trainees. First, the first year in Japan, which in that year gained expertise after entering Japan, and the second and third year of maturation of the skills that had been acquired. And for skilled worker visa status is divided into 4 classes.
|Type||Year 1||Year 2・3|
|individual enterprise type||Resident status (technical intern training (i)a)||Resident status(technical intern training (ii)a)|
|Supervised by organization type||Resident status (technical intern training (i)b)||Resident status (technical intern training (ⅱ)b)|